Ahmed is joined by Western Australia batsman Adam Voges, who snared a call-up after an outstanding Sheffield Shield season.
Veteran quick Ryan Harris won’t play in the series against the West Indies, with the 35-year-old being kept in cotton wool until the Ashes.
33-year-old Ahmed was selected over WA youngster Ashton Agar, in a reversal of the 2013 series where Ahmed missed selection despite gaining Australian citizenship before the tour of England.
New South Wales wicketkeeper Peter Nevill will be taken as back-up for Brad Haddin, while selectors have selected five pace bowlers in the form of Mitchell Johnson, Ryan Harris, Mitchell Starc, Josh Hazlewood and Peter Siddle.
Michael Clarke (c), Steve Smith (vc), Fawad Ahmed, Brad Haddin, Ryan Harris (Ashes only), Josh Hazlewood, Mitchell Johnson, Nathan Lyon, Mitchell Marsh, Shaun Marsh, Peter Nevill, Chris Rogers, Peter Siddle, Mitchell Starc, Adam Voges, David Warner, Shane Watson