Independent adjudicators selected by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) will assume control from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) of all anti-doping decisions at this year's Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, including handing out sanctions.
Following discussions between CAS and IOC lawyers, it was formally approved by the IOC's ruling executive board.
The process will start at Rio 2016 and continue at all subsequent Olympic Games following from last year’s proposal at the Olympic Summit, for drug testing to be made independent of sport bodies and for a more powerful World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to take responsibility.
Appointed arbitrators cannot be involved in sports bodies as a representative of the OIC, a National Olympic Committee or an International Federation.
“This is a major step forward to make doping testing independent, following the decision of the IOC Executive Board three months ago after the proposal of the Olympic Summit," said IOC president Thomas Bach.